High-level Arctic expert Professor Pauli Jumppanen write in EnergyEnviro Arctic opportunities and challenges.
The full article published in EnergyEnviro 10.3.2013 can be found in the link below:
The introduction of article is below from above mentioned link:
”Arctic Development – Opportunities and Challenges
By Pauli Jumppanen
The concept of the Arctic region varies in its usage. It is often defined as the area north of the Arctic Circle, with the July isotherm below 10 degrees Celsius, or north of the northernmost tree line.
Politically, the Arctic region includes the northern territories of the eight Arctic states: Canada, Denmark/Greenland, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden and the United States. A part of these territories belong to the subarctic region that covers most of the northern taiga forest area and generally locates between 50 °N and 70 °N latitudes.
Moreover, the Arctic development is of growing interest also to several countries not bordering the Arctic, including China, Japan, South Korea, India and the member states of the European Union.
Most of the Arctic is covered by ice and snow for more than eight months a year, and a large part of the region is underlain by permafrost. But the conditions vary significantly between generally warmer coastal areas and colder and drier interior regions.
In recent years, however, the global warming has changed the outlook on development of the Arctic region.
Rising temperatures and the melting of sea ice are making the Arctic more accessible both to local inhabitants and international operators.
Simultaneously, the climate change creates significant consequences for sensitive marine, coastal and onshore ecosystems as well as for livelihoods of local communities and of northern people.
Two main economic interest in the Arctic are the development of marine transportation and exploitation its vast offshore and on-land natural resources.”
The full article can be found in the link below:
Professor Pauli Jumppanen has been a panelist at a pilot interview round, Delphi-panel 1. round, Delphi-paneli 2. round and participator also in Futures Work Shop in Arctic Maritime Foresight Project 2011-2013 (Arktisen meriteknologian ennakointiprojekti 2011-2013).